How to maintain a healthy liver
The following lifestyle choices can help keep the liver healthy:
Limit saturated fat intake
High levels of triglycerides and cholesterol in the blood can create fat deposits around the liver, which may lead to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and long-term liver damage.
Limit alcohol use
The liver produces toxic chemicals, such as acetaldehyde, when it metabolizes alcohol.
Healthcare experts define heavy alcohol useTrusted Source as eight or more drinks a week for females and 15 or more drinks a week for males. Heavy alcohol use can increase a person’s risk for liver disease and other chronic conditions.
Consuming four to five drinks in 2 hours or lessTrusted Source can lead to steatosis, which is a condition in which fat droplets accumulate inside liver cells.
A person can reverse the effects of steatosis if they stop consuming alcohol. However, continuous binge drinking can lead to chronic steatosis and chronic liver disease.
The Dietary Guidelines for American 2015–2020Trusted Source recommend limiting alcohol consumption to no more than one drink per day for females and no more than two drinks per day from males.
Minimize exposure to toxins
The liver breaks down toxic substances in the blood.
Exposure to environmental toxins, such as cleaning products, pesticides, and tobacco smoke, can damage the liver as it filters these substances from the blood.
Avoid chronic drug use
The liver metabolizes medications and drugs in the blood.
Chronic use of illicit drugs, such as heroin and cocaine, can lead to liver inflammation and damage.
Prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medications can also contribute to drug induced liver injury.
According to the FDATrusted Source, medications that can contribute to liver damage include:
antibiotics, such as amoxicillin and erythromycin
acetaminophen, which is an OTC pain and fever reducer
cancer drugs, such as mercaptopurine, lapatinib, and pazopanib
antianxiety and antidepressant medications, including duloxetine and nortriptyline
immunosuppressants, including cyclosporine and methotrexate